The teeth are held firmly in place due to the gums and the bone around them.
The tartar gathered around the teeth causes infection of the gums and bone.
This infection leads to receding of bone and gum levels and thus creates gaps between teeth.
This tartar if not removed periodically (once in every 6 months) can cause loosening of teeth.
The cleaning procedure will help remove tartar and stop the gum and bone from receding.
As we know that the durability of any structure depends on its basic foundation, the same way durability of teeth depends on strong Gums.
Gums are one of the four structures which are required to support the teeth, the others are, bone surrounding the tooth, the covering of
tooth root (cementum) and the ligaments between the roots and the
When we say we are cleaning your teeth, its only the plaque and tartar that is present at and above the gum line that gets cleaned.
The main source of infection, the tartar present below the gum line, is notcompletely removed by this procedure. The bacteria residing deep
inside are not only destroying gums but also leading to bone loss resulting in poor support for the tooth.
Previously to get access to these organisms we use to do a small operation in which we use to reflect a part of (flap of) gums, remove all the infection, clean up the root and bone; if required we use to drill to re contour the bone to normal shape. At last again adapt the gums to tooth and suture
(tie) them for better healing. This complete procedure is called Traditional Flap Surgery.
But Now At Partha Dental we cure gum disease with LASER ASSISTED NEW ATTACHMENT PROCEDURE . Periolase treatment is the removal of infected tissue, debris, and bacteria, as well as stimulation of the bone and surrounding gum tissue for reattachment.
The best news about the new laser technology is that, unlike traditional "flap" surgery, laser gum surgery promotes regeneration of diseased gum and root surfaces.The patient experiences no gum recession and no side effects than from scalpel surgery.
There is also a much lower chance of gum disease returning after laser gum surgery, since there is regrowth of the connective tissue. Other benefits include a nearly pain-free experience, very little recovery time, if any, and no higher cost than traditional scalpel gum surgery.
How Laser Gum Surgery Works
The process for laser gum surgery uses an FDA approved laser and is called LANAP, which stands for "laser-assisted new attachment procedure." The pulsing laser can tell the difference between diseased gum tissue, which is darker in color, and healthy tissue, and thus it only destroys the infected areas.
The new attachment refers to the actions performed by the periodontist after removing the diseased tissue, when the laser is used to agitate the remaining tissue just enough so that it is stimulated to reattach to the bone. The heat of the laser then seals the gums with a "thermal blood clot, creating a physical barrier to any bacteria or tissue that could re-create gum pockets," according to Sam Low, vice-president of the American Academy of Periodontology.
While laser therapy hasn't been demonstrated to be superior to scalpel surgery, according to the Journal of Periodontology, the decreased pain and recovery time, as well as the potential for regeneration, suggest that there are some important advantages of the newer technology over the old.
After an initial exam and x-rays, the periodontist will schedule two appointments within a week of each other, and then proceed to treat one half of the mouth at a time.
Each session takes about two hours and includes the use of Novacaine or a similar local anesthetic. After the area is numb, the periodontist will use the laser to seek out and destroy all the diseased gum tissue. It is then removed through a combination of water, suction and laser. Next, the doctor will use the laser to stimulate the regrowth and reaattachment of the gum tissue to the bone. The patient's bite is also adjusted to prevent unwanted grinding, and patients are usually given a bite guard to wear.
Laser Gum Surgery Post Operative Treatment and Recovery
There is minimal recovery time after the laser gum surgery. The patient can drive themselves home and even return to work the same day. It is a good idea to take it easy for the first 24 hours, and antibiotic and anti-inflammatory medications are taken to prevent infection and reduce swelling.
Crucial to the healing and regeneration at this point are the instructions to refrain from brushing teeth for about a week after the procedure. Gentle rinsing and rubbing the tooth lightly with a cotton swab is the most agitation allowed inside the mouth. A liquid and soft food diet is also required for a week, to prevent any disturbance of the new blood clots which have formed during the procedure. Soon, these will heal into healthy, sealed gum tissue, preventing further infection and disease.